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## Position Patterns

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Position Patterns |

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**Abstract Reasoning Practice Subtest Instructions**

There are 4 different question types in this section of the exam.

For type 1, you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be given a test shape and asked to decide whether the test shape belongs to Set A, Set B, or Neither.

For type 2, you will be presented with a series of shapes. You will be asked to select the next shape in series.

For type 3, you will be presented with a statement, involving a group of shapes. You will be asked to determine which shape completes the statement.

For type 4, you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be asked to select which of the four response options belongs to Set A or Set B.

It is in your best interest to answer all questions as there is no penalty for guessing. All unanswered questions will be scored as incorrect.

Click the Next (N) button to proceed.

Question 1.

0

3

**Set A** – The hexagon in the top-right has the most sides.

**Pattern:** In Set A, the element with the most sides is situated in a corner; in Set B, the element with the most sides is situated on an edge.

**Method:** It should go without saying that Orientation, Colour and Size, and also simple Number, are unlikely to be relevant to the pattern. This leaves Position and Shape/Number. As it happens, the pattern concerns the position of shapes with a particular number of sides. The best way to spot this pattern is by focussing on the unusual shapes first – for instance, the cross only appears once, in a corner, in Set A, but twice, along an edge, in Set B. That said, the Sets are littered with red-herrings. Learning the hierarchy of these shapes by number of sides will help you spot similar patterns in the future.

Question 2.

2

0

**Set A** – The cross in the bottom-left has the most sides.

**Pattern:** In Set A, the element with the most sides is situated in a corner; in Set B, the element with the most sides is situated on an edge.

**Method:** It should go without saying that Orientation, Colour and Size, and also simple Number, are unlikely to be relevant to the pattern. This leaves Position and Shape/Number. As it happens, the pattern concerns the position of shapes with a particular number of sides. The best way to spot this pattern is by focussing on the unusual shapes first – for instance, the cross only appears once, in a corner, in Set A, but twice, along an edge, in Set B. That said, the Sets are littered with red-herrings. Learning the hierarchy of these shapes by number of sides will help you spot similar patterns in the future.

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Question 3.

0

0

**C** – The most-sided shape is the octagonal star – but there are copies of it both in a corner and along edges.

**Pattern:** In Set A, the element with the most sides is situated in a corner; in Set B, the element with the most sides is situated on an edge.

**Method:** It should go without saying that Orientation, Colour and Size, and also simple Number, are unlikely to be relevant to the pattern. This leaves Position and Shape/Number. As it happens, the pattern concerns the position of shapes with a particular number of sides. The best way to spot this pattern is by focussing on the unusual shapes first – for instance, the cross only appears once, in a corner, in Set A, but twice, along an edge, in Set B. That said, the Sets are littered with red-herrings. Learning the hierarchy of these shapes by number of sides will help you spot similar patterns in the future.

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Question 4.

0

0

**C** – The most-sided shape is the octagonal star – but there are copies of it both in a corner and along an edge.

**Pattern:** In Set A, the element with the most sides is situated in a corner; in Set B, the element with the most sides is situated on an edge.

**Method:** It should go without saying that Orientation, Colour and Size, and also simple Number, are unlikely to be relevant to the pattern. This leaves Position and Shape/Number. As it happens, the pattern concerns the position of shapes with a particular number of sides. The best way to spot this pattern is by focussing on the unusual shapes first – for instance, the cross only appears once, in a corner, in Set A, but twice, along an edge, in Set B. That said, the Sets are littered with red-herrings. Learning the hierarchy of these shapes by number of sides will help you spot similar patterns in the future.

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Question 5.

0

0

**C** – The shape with the most sides is the ten-sided star in the central position.

**Pattern:** In Set A, the element with the most sides is situated in a corner; in Set B, the element with the most sides is situated on an edge.

**Method:** It should go without saying that Orientation, Colour and Size, and also simple Number, are unlikely to be relevant to the pattern. This leaves Position and Shape/Number. As it happens, the pattern concerns the position of shapes with a particular number of sides. The best way to spot this pattern is by focussing on the unusual shapes first – for instance, the cross only appears once, in a corner, in Set A, but twice, along an edge, in Set B. That said, the Sets are littered with red-herrings. Learning the hierarchy of these shapes by number of sides will help you spot similar patterns in the future.

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Question 6.

0

0

**Set B** – The circle in the bottom-left has a triangle immediately above it.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately below a circle. Members of Set B feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately above a circle.

**Method:** Treat this pattern in a similar manner to the previous pattern, eliminating categories and then trying unusual shapes first. Crosses and ten- or eight-pointed stars appear randomly throughout both sets, whether centrally, along edges or in corners. Equally, arrows, hexagons, pentagons, hearts and crescents do not appear consistently enough to form a pattern. Nevertheless, each box happens to contain at least one triangle and one circle, which should help you towards the answer – the top-left member of each set can be used for helpful comparison, as highlighted in red.

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Question 7.

0

0

**Set B** – The circle in the bottom-right has a triangle immediately above it.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately below a circle. Members of Set B feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately above a circle.

**Method:** Treat this pattern in a similar manner to the previous pattern, eliminating categories and then trying unusual shapes first. Crosses and ten- or eight-pointed stars appear randomly throughout both sets, whether centrally, along edges or in corners. Equally, arrows, hexagons, pentagons, hearts and crescents do not appear consistently enough to form a pattern. Nevertheless, each box happens to contain at least one triangle and one circle, which should help you towards the answer – the top-left member of each set can be used for helpful comparison, as highlighted in red.

Post Comment

Question 8.

0

0

**C** – This box features a triangle with a circle immediately above it, but also the opposite.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately below a circle. Members of Set B feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately above a circle.

**Method:** Treat this pattern in a similar manner to the previous pattern, eliminating categories and then trying unusual shapes first. Crosses and ten- or eight-pointed stars appear randomly throughout both sets, whether centrally, along edges or in corners. Equally, arrows, hexagons, pentagons, hearts and crescents do not appear consistently enough to form a pattern. Nevertheless, each box happens to contain at least one triangle and one circle, which should help you towards the answer – the top-left member of each set can be used for helpful comparison, as highlighted in red.

Post Comment

Question 9.

0

0

**Set A** – The triangle in the bottom-left has a circle immediately above it.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately below a circle. Members of Set B feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately above a circle.

**Method:** Treat this pattern in a similar manner to the previous pattern, eliminating categories and then trying unusual shapes first. Crosses and ten- or eight-pointed stars appear randomly throughout both sets, whether centrally, along edges or in corners. Equally, arrows, hexagons, pentagons, hearts and crescents do not appear consistently enough to form a pattern. Nevertheless, each box happens to contain at least one triangle and one circle, which should help you towards the answer – the top-left member of each set can be used for helpful comparison, as highlighted in red.

Post Comment

Question 10.

0

0

**Set B** – The central triangle has a circle directly below it.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately below a circle. Members of Set B feature a triangle (either right-angled or isosceles) immediately above a circle.

**Method:** Treat this pattern in a similar manner to the previous pattern, eliminating categories and then trying unusual shapes first. Crosses and ten- or eight-pointed stars appear randomly throughout both sets, whether centrally, along edges or in corners. Equally, arrows, hexagons, pentagons, hearts and crescents do not appear consistently enough to form a pattern. Nevertheless, each box happens to contain at least one triangle and one circle, which should help you towards the answer – the top-left member of each set can be used for helpful comparison, as highlighted in red.

Post Comment

ann Medicmind Tutor

Sat, 05 Jun 2021 11:44:00

I can't see the question ?

Question 11.

0

0

**C** – This features a circle in the top half and a circle in the bottom half.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature at least one circle in the top half of the box; members of Set B feature at least one circle in the bottom half of the box.

**Method: **Size ought to be your first thought. However, there is no consistent rule relating the largest shapes across each set to Shape, Position, Orientation or Colour. Thus, isolate the top two members of Set A and the middle-right of Set B for comparison. The mixture of black and white shapes is striking, but more so is the preponderance of circles. You can work out the pattern from these simpler cases and test it across the other members of each set.

Post Comment

Question 12.

0

0

**C** – This contains no circles.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature at least one circle in the top half of the box; members of Set B feature at least one circle in the bottom half of the box.

**Method: **Size ought to be your first thought. However, there is no consistent rule relating the largest shapes across each set to Shape, Position, Orientation or Colour. Thus, isolate the top two members of Set A and the middle-right of Set B for comparison. The mixture of black and white shapes is striking, but more so is the preponderance of circles. You can work out the pattern from these simpler cases and test it across the other members of each set.

Post Comment

Question 13.

0

0

**Set A** – This contains one circle, which is in the top half of the box.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature at least one circle in the top half of the box; members of Set B feature at least one circle in the bottom half of the box.

**Method: **Size ought to be your first thought. However, there is no consistent rule relating the largest shapes across each set to Shape, Position, Orientation or Colour. Thus, isolate the top two members of Set A and the middle-right of Set B for comparison. The mixture of black and white shapes is striking, but more so is the preponderance of circles. You can work out the pattern from these simpler cases and test it across the other members of each set.

Post Comment

Question 14.

0

0

**Set A** – This contains one circle, which is in the top half of the box.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature at least one circle in the top half of the box; members of Set B feature at least one circle in the bottom half of the box.

**Method: **Size ought to be your first thought. However, there is no consistent rule relating the largest shapes across each set to Shape, Position, Orientation or Colour. Thus, isolate the top two members of Set A and the middle-right of Set B for comparison. The mixture of black and white shapes is striking, but more so is the preponderance of circles. You can work out the pattern from these simpler cases and test it across the other members of each set.

Post Comment

Question 15.

0

0

**C** – This circle is equally distributed between the top and bottom halves.

**Pattern: **Members of Set A feature at least one circle in the top half of the box; members of Set B feature at least one circle in the bottom half of the box.

**Method: **Size ought to be your first thought. However, there is no consistent rule relating the largest shapes across each set to Shape, Position, Orientation or Colour. Thus, isolate the top two members of Set A and the middle-right of Set B for comparison. The mixture of black and white shapes is striking, but more so is the preponderance of circles. You can work out the pattern from these simpler cases and test it across the other members of each set.

Post Comment

Question 16.

0

0

**Set B** – The arrow has seven sides to the hexagons’ six each, and is on the right-hand side of the box.

**Pattern: **In Set A, the shape with the most sides is situated in the left half of the box, whereas in Set B, it is situated in the right half of the box.

**Method:** The simplest cases, for comparison, are the bottom-left of Set A and the top-right of Set B. Both have a white crescent as their largest shape, situated mainly in the left-half of the box – clearly, Size is not a factor here, nor Colour. This pattern succumbs well to looking for unusual shapes across both sets, namely the ten-pointed star in the top-left and the cross in the middle-left of Set A, and the twelve-pointed star in the top-left of Set B. Focussing on the wide occurrence of stars should help you to notice the connection between Shape (Number of sides) and Position.

Post Comment

Question 17.

0

0

**Set B** – The twelve-sided cross is on the right-hand side of the box.

**Pattern: **In Set A, the shape with the most sides is situated in the left half of the box, whereas in Set B, it is situated in the right half of the box.

**Method:** The simplest cases, for comparison, are the bottom-left of Set A and the top-right of Set B. Both have a white crescent as their largest shape, situated mainly in the left-half of the box – clearly, Size is not a factor here, nor Colour. This pattern succumbs well to looking for unusual shapes across both sets, namely the ten-pointed star in the top-left and the cross in the middle-left of Set A, and the twelve-pointed star in the top-left of Set B. Focussing on the wide occurrence of stars should help you to notice the connection between Shape (Number of sides) and Position.

Post Comment

Question 18.

0

0

**C** – All shapes, regardless of side number, are evenly distributed.

**Pattern: **In Set A, the shape with the most sides is situated in the left half of the box, whereas in Set B, it is situated in the right half of the box.

**Method:** The simplest cases, for comparison, are the bottom-left of Set A and the top-right of Set B. Both have a white crescent as their largest shape, situated mainly in the left-half of the box – clearly, Size is not a factor here, nor Colour. This pattern succumbs well to looking for unusual shapes across both sets, namely the ten-pointed star in the top-left and the cross in the middle-left of Set A, and the twelve-pointed star in the top-left of Set B. Focussing on the wide occurrence of stars should help you to notice the connection between Shape (Number of sides) and Position.

Post Comment

Question 19.

0

0

**C** – The squares have the most sides but there’s one in each half.

**Pattern: **In Set A, the shape with the most sides is situated in the left half of the box, whereas in Set B, it is situated in the right half of the box.

**Method:** The simplest cases, for comparison, are the bottom-left of Set A and the top-right of Set B. Both have a white crescent as their largest shape, situated mainly in the left-half of the box – clearly, Size is not a factor here, nor Colour. This pattern succumbs well to looking for unusual shapes across both sets, namely the ten-pointed star in the top-left and the cross in the middle-left of Set A, and the twelve-pointed star in the top-left of Set B. Focussing on the wide occurrence of stars should help you to notice the connection between Shape (Number of sides) and Position.

Post Comment

Question 20.

0

0

**Set A** – The pentagon on the left has the most sides.

**Pattern: **In Set A, the shape with the most sides is situated in the left half of the box, whereas in Set B, it is situated in the right half of the box.

**Method:** The simplest cases, for comparison, are the bottom-left of Set A and the top-right of Set B. Both have a white crescent as their largest shape, situated mainly in the left-half of the box – clearly, Size is not a factor here, nor Colour. This pattern succumbs well to looking for unusual shapes across both sets, namely the ten-pointed star in the top-left and the cross in the middle-left of Set A, and the twelve-pointed star in the top-left of Set B. Focussing on the wide occurrence of stars should help you to notice the connection between Shape (Number of sides) and Position.

Post Comment

Question 21.

0

0

**Set A** – This has three shapes in the bottom half.

**Pattern:** Members of Set A have three shapes in the bottom half of the box, whilst those of Set B have two shapes in the bottom half of the box.

**Method:** As usual, this Position-based pattern is not easy to spot. Nevertheless, isolating simpler cases remains a sound strategy, such as the top-left of Set A and the middle-right of Set B, both of which contain only white shapes. Here, each case contains four shapes, exactly two of which are the are, exactly one of which has an even number of sides, and where the shape with the most sides is in the top half of the box. However, the 1:3 vs. 2:2 split between top and bottom *is* striking, and should lead you to the pattern. It may also help you to notice the overall appearance of the members of each set, with their clear delineation between top and bottom halves.

Post Comment

Question 22.

0

0

**C** – There are four shapes in the bottom half.

**Pattern:** Members of Set A have three shapes in the bottom half of the box, whilst those of Set B have two shapes in the bottom half of the box.

**Method:** As usual, this Position-based pattern is not easy to spot. Nevertheless, isolating simpler cases remains a sound strategy, such as the top-left of Set A and the middle-right of Set B, both of which contain only white shapes. Here, each case contains four shapes, exactly two of which are the are, exactly one of which has an even number of sides, and where the shape with the most sides is in the top half of the box. However, the 1:3 vs. 2:2 split between top and bottom *is* striking, and should lead you to the pattern. It may also help you to notice the overall appearance of the members of each set, with their clear delineation between top and bottom halves.

Post Comment

Question 23.

0

0

**Set A** – This has three shapes in the bottom half.

**Pattern:** Members of Set A have three shapes in the bottom half of the box, whilst those of Set B have two shapes in the bottom half of the box.

**Method:** As usual, this Position-based pattern is not easy to spot. Nevertheless, isolating simpler cases remains a sound strategy, such as the top-left of Set A and the middle-right of Set B, both of which contain only white shapes. Here, each case contains four shapes, exactly two of which are the are, exactly one of which has an even number of sides, and where the shape with the most sides is in the top half of the box. However, the 1:3 vs. 2:2 split between top and bottom *is* striking, and should lead you to the pattern. It may also help you to notice the overall appearance of the members of each set, with their clear delineation between top and bottom halves.

Post Comment

Question 24.

0

0

**Set B** – This has two shapes in its bottom half.

**Pattern:** Members of Set A have three shapes in the bottom half of the box, whilst those of Set B have two shapes in the bottom half of the box.

**Method:** As usual, this Position-based pattern is not easy to spot. Nevertheless, isolating simpler cases remains a sound strategy, such as the top-left of Set A and the middle-right of Set B, both of which contain only white shapes. Here, each case contains four shapes, exactly two of which are the are, exactly one of which has an even number of sides, and where the shape with the most sides is in the top half of the box. However, the 1:3 vs. 2:2 split between top and bottom *is* striking, and should lead you to the pattern. It may also help you to notice the overall appearance of the members of each set, with their clear delineation between top and bottom halves.

Post Comment

Question 25.

0

0

**Set B** – This has two shapes in its bottom half.

**Pattern:** Members of Set A have three shapes in the bottom half of the box, whilst those of Set B have two shapes in the bottom half of the box.

**Method:** As usual, this Position-based pattern is not easy to spot. Nevertheless, isolating simpler cases remains a sound strategy, such as the top-left of Set A and the middle-right of Set B, both of which contain only white shapes. Here, each case contains four shapes, exactly two of which are the are, exactly one of which has an even number of sides, and where the shape with the most sides is in the top half of the box. However, the 1:3 vs. 2:2 split between top and bottom *is* striking, and should lead you to the pattern. It may also help you to notice the overall appearance of the members of each set, with their clear delineation between top and bottom halves.

Post Comment

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Tue, 06 Jul 2021 09:03:19

disagree with the explanation in set A the right box on the the 3rd row - the arrow shape has most sides (7 sides in total) and it's situation at the edge!

Fri, 23 Jul 2021 12:34:01

No The arrow on the box that you're talkinf about has the second to most sides