Speed as well as accuracy is important in this section. Work quickly, or you might not finish the paper. There are no penalties for incorrect responses, only marks for correct answers, so you should attempt all questions. Each question is worth one mark.

Calculators are NOT permitted.

Here you will find all TSA Parallels questions that have been written 2008-2019.

If I do more work tonight, I will earn more money. However, if I go for a bike ride, I will get I need to get fitter more than I need more money. So, I will go for a bike ride.

22. Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning in the above argument?
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## Explanation

If X (I do more work tonight), then Y(I will earn more money). If P(I go for a bike ride), then Q(I will get fitter). I need Q more than Y, so P. D parallels this when X=I do the housework, Y=the house will be clean, P=I go to the pub, Q=I will be relaxed.

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The proportion of time people devote in their lives to travelling from A to B has been constant over history. So the advent of high speed forms of transport simply means that people will travel greater distances.

46. Which of the following most closely parallels the above reasoning?
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## Explanation

Post Comment
Tomiwa. Medicmind Tutor

Mon, 17 Oct 2022 21:10:01

The key is "proportion"; since 'x' makes up a CONSTANT proportion of 'y'. Therefore, higher x leads to higher y.

Amrik cannot afford to buy the Advanced version of the software. The Professional version is even more expensive, so Amrik cannot afford that either.

22. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

Amrik cannot do X (buy the advanced software) because of Y(it is too expensive). Z(the professional version) is even more Y than X, so he cannot do that either. C parallels this when X=sleep at night, Y=drinks cup of tea after 9pm, Z=coffee.

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If Nusra is to find a job that really interests her, then she must be prepared to earn much less than she does in her present job. However, because she is unwilling to sacrifice her current high wage, she will not find a job that would interest her.

46. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning in the argument above?
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## Explanation

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If you practise playing a musical instrument, your playing will get better. I have not practised playing the piano, so my playing has not got better. I have an exam in two month’s time. So I must practise every day if I want to do well.

22. Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning in the argument?
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## Explanation

If you practise (playing a musical instrument), you will get better at X. I have not practised X, so I have not got better at X. I have an exam coming up so I must practise if I want to do well. answer B parallels this, just substitute X for sport and ‘practising’ for ‘working hard’.

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All trees have leaves. An oak is a tree. Therefore oaks have leaves.

47. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the argument?
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## Explanation

For the argument given in the question: All X have Y. Z is an X. Therefore Z has Y. (where X=trees, Y=leaves and Z=oaks). In answer A, X=leaves, Y=trees and Z=that plant.

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There was a time when the economic situation demanded that the Government either had to support the currency directly in the foreign exchange markets, or else it had to raise interest However, it could not raise interest rates because that would have been political suicide. The Government therefore had to support the pound, costly though it turned out to be.

22. Which one of the following most closely parallels the kind of reasoning used in the passage above?
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## Explanation

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Few tourists are likely to visit the town in the The Mining Museum is the only thing in the town that has ever attracted tourists in any substantial numbers. Now the Museum is closing.

46. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

The museum is the only thing that attracted tourists>the museum is now closing>therefore few tourists are likely to visit. C parallels this: dairy products are the only things that give me headaches>I am giving up dairy products>therefore I am unlikely to get headaches.

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Criminals often give themselves away by their lifestyle. My neighbour is a criminal because he bought and is living in a very expensive house, which I know he could not afford as he is officially working only in a poorly paid jobs.

22. Which one of the following most clearly parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

The reasoning given is that the neighbour has bought an expensive house, but he is working in a poorly paid job, therefore he must be a criminal. B parallels this: it is impossible for you to write more than 4 pages in half an hour, but you have written 7 pages, therefore you must have spent longer than 4 hours on it.

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Our football team always loses the match if it’s They won last Saturday, so it can’t have been raining.

46. Which of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

The reasoning given: X (our football team loses) always happens if Y(it rains) happens. X didn’t happen, so Y couldn’t have happened. For answer D, X= David enjoys the film, Y=the film has a big star in it.

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You probably don’t have to be a cat-lover to enjoy The Great Race – an excellent short film about a Yorkshireman who goes running with (and against) his one-eyed Now he wants to make it a full-length film, but this is a mistake. Eight minutes of feline fun is about as much as any audience can take. Cats are like babies in this respect: endlessly fascinating to their owners, enjoyable only in short bursts for everyone else.

22. Which one of the following most clearly parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

The reasoning given in the example is that you will enjoy a small amount of something (the short film The Great Race) but will not enjoy lots of it (if it was made a full-length film). Only D follows the same pattern: you will enjoy seeing a few photos (a small amount of something) but not being shown them for an entire evening (lots of that something).

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The level of light pollution must be low in order to be able to observe the moon, planets and My house is in the darkness of the countryside so stargazing will always be possible from my back garden.

46. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

The reasoning given in the argument is that X is necessary (low level of light pollution) for Y (to observe the moon, etc.), therefore X is sufficient for Y. B parallels this when X=contact with a flu sufferer, Y=catching the flu.

Post Comment
Taiwo Medicmind Tutor

Wed, 30 Aug 2023 08:59:03

Why not E?

Adding fluoride to the water supply would not, as some claim, improve dental health. If fluoride really did improve dental health, one would expect people living in areas where water is naturally fluoridated to have healthier teeth than people whose water is fluoride free. In fact, research suggests that there is no difference in dental health between the two groups.

22. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

If X(adding fluoride to water) led to Y(better dental health), then there would be greater Y where there is more X, compared to if there was no X. But this in not the case. For Answer A, X=badgers, Y=droppings

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If you want to get a good job then you need to write a good application letter. You didn’t get the last job that you applied for, so you can’t have written a good application letter.

46. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

If you want X (a good job), you need to do Y (write a good application letter). You didn’t get X, so you couldn’t have done Y. In C, X=be part of the yachting team, Y=have a certificate to slow that you can swim.

Post Comment

This essay is of a far higher standard than can be expected of undergraduates. Either the student is exceptionally intelligent and knowledgeable, or she has copied the essay from the internet. Her previous essays have given no indication that she is more intelligent or knowledgeable than an average student. So she must be guilty of plagiarism.

22. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

Because X (the student) has done V (a high standard essay), either X is Y (intelligent and knowledgeable), or W (has carried out plagiarism). X has not shown Y, so must have carried out W. Answer B: X=the partner V=given flowers Y=feeling guilty W=it is a special occasion.

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In order for it to be possible to rain, clouds must be present. The weather forecast is predicting clear skies, so there is no chance of rain.

46. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

For X(rain), there must be Y(clouds). There is no Y, so X cannot be. For B: X=solar eclipses, Y=new moon

Post Comment

Either young people are getting cleverer each year or examinations are becoming easier for students to pass. Since there is very little evidence from IQ testing and other supposed benchmarks that young people are more intelligent now than in the past, we must conclude that the examination system is easier for students today than it was in the past.

22. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

The reasoning is as follows: we state there are only two possible explanations. We provide evidence to refute one of these options (that young people are getting cleverer) and therefore we are forced to accept the second conclusion. This is directly paralleled by option C: we state there are only two possible explanations (categories), we state that one of these is not possible, and therefore we conclude the second explanation must be correct.

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When either freedom of speech or freedom of assembly is present in society, democratic government inevitably results. If you live under a dictatorship, you must therefore lack both of these key liberties.

46. Which one of the following most closely parallels the kind of reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

The passage implies that if you have either F (freedom of speech) or G (freedom of assembly) then you get H (democratic government). So if you have I (live in a dictatorship) then you lack both F and G. Answer B is the only one that parallels this: if you have either F (light) or G (heat) then you get H (decrease in energy). So if you have I (constant energy) then you lack both F and G.

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The family had to choose between planting maize or soybeans. Maize received a better market price than soybeans last year, but maize requires a much greater fertiliser input to ensure high yields. Because they could not obtain credit to purchase additional fertiliser, they planted soybeans even though the crop is likely to earn less at harvest time.

3. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

You can solve this question by eliminating all the wrong answers. Firstly, the original paragraph presents a choice between two options, one option is better, but only the other option can be achieved due to other constraints (in the paragraph, that is money). Answer A only presents 1 option, so it is false (there is no choice between 2 alternatives). Answer B, while having 2 options, does not show any constraints – the person in the answer only hopes that one will happen – it is not a good parallel. Answer C does not offer two options and is false. Answer D has a similar issue, only 1 option is presented. Answer E is correct – there are 2 options, using a bank or a hotel to exchange money. Only one option is possible due to a contraint – limited time. That option is poorer as the exchange rate is not as good, which is a perfect parallel to the original scenario.

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A new supermarket scheme awards money-off vouchers to customers who spend £40 a week on their grocery shopping. As your weekly shop only costs £15, you are not eligible for vouchers.

22. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

Read the statement and grasp the main Ideas. There is a promotional offer and you miss the conditions for it so you’re not eligible for it. A – You meet the offer by bringing 2 friends (mismatch). B – You miss the offer criteria so you’re not eligible for it (match). C – You miss the criteria but are still eligible for the offer (mismatch). D – You miss the criteria but are still eligible for the offer (mismatch). E – Irrelevant (mismatch). Overall B is the best match and it’s the correct answer.

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You can only grasp the true meaning of Pushkin’s poetry if you can read it in its original Russian form. Your doctoral thesis on Pushkin’s work shows acute insight so I can tell you have a mastery of the Russian language.

46. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

A given even will only happen if a condition is met. You did not meet this condition so you cannot accomplish the result. << The gist of the extract. A – you meet the condition and get the result. B – Doesn’t have a condition. C – you meet the condition and get the result. D – The condition is listening to loud music and it is not met so the result (damaged ears) is not met. E – This is set in the future so you don’t know if the condition was met or not.

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If the vice president did act unlawfully in this matter, he would definitely have had to resign. Since we have confirmation that he has resigned, he must have broken the law.

22. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

This argument is based on the following: if A happens then B, so if B, then A must have happened. Therefore, looking throught the answer options, A is the negative of this, so can not be the correct answer. B is two A then B so is also incorrect. C is also a negative so incorrect, as is D as it does not follow the same pattern or parallel of arguement. This leaves answer option E, as it follows the theme of if A happens then B, so as B, then A must have happened.

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Your cake will be tasty only if you use fresh ingredients which you can only buy at the market. You did not go to the market, so your cake will not be tasty.

46. Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning used in the above argument?
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## Explanation

The reasoning states that for cake to be tasty, ingredients must be fresh. For ingredients to be fresh, they must be bought at the market. We did not go to the market, so we do not have fresh ingredients, so our cake cannot be tasty. A doesn’t follow this reasoning as there may be other reasons to influence happiness; it would need to say ‘you are happy if you are healthy’ to parallel. B doesn’t parallel. C doesn’t parallel as there are other reasons there may be light, not just lighting a candle. D doesn’t follow as there are other ways to damage hearing. E does follow because we know the car is broken, we don’t have good knowledge and so therefore will not arrive on time at the wedding. E is the correct answer.

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## Official TSA Parallels Questions (2008-2019) Section

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