Now that we’ve gone through the theory on True, False, Can’t Tell Questions, it’s time to see if you have learned what we have taught you – Let’s now tackle some questions together. 

Roger Federer’s elongated stay at the very pinnacle of tennis has been facilitated by slick organisation worthy of a Presidential visit wherever he goes. Travelling tutors for his school-age daughters, nannies to look after his twin boys – the needs of his large entourage, including tennis support staff, require two rented houses when he comes to Wimbledon. Coupled with cleverly-judged breaks and scheduling, everything has worked so perfectly that his extravagant natural talent has been able to flourish deep into his thirties.

The question these days is, inevitably, not how much he will go on to achieve, but how many more years he is likely to be back as a player. Part of his genius has been based around the accuracy of his shots, notably in pinpointing his targets when serving, but when the legs start to go this is not like, say, football, in which team-mates can help compensate.

The Swiss master is not yet haemorrhaging defeats, but it is hard to envisage him coming to tolerate repeat losses to inferior opponents. This is pointed out by Tim Henman, who has gone on to become close friends with Federer, despite having the distinction of beating him twice in his own backyard. ‘I guess there are two elements: can he stay healthy? That gets harder and harder, even though he has done a great job at that up to now. Then it’s whether he continues to enjoy it. I know he still loves playing but if his form starts to dip and he is losing to people he wouldn’t have dreamt of losing to, that will become tough,’ said the former British No. 1.

The Olympics has been speculated upon as a possible end date, partly due to the huge endorsement contract he has signed with clothing giant Uniqlo, who would surely love to have him at Tokyo 2020 and have doubtless incentivised him to be there.

Source: adapted from www.dailymail.co.uk

Based on the information in the passage, Federer has at least four children.
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    4

    Explanation

    The correct answer is True.

    Keywords: children/sons/daughters/boys/girls.

    The first paragraph mentions his “school-age daughters” – at least two – and “his twin boys”, so he must have at least four children overall.

    Post Comment
    ile Medicmind Tutor

    Sat, 13 Feb 2021 00:02:25

    I misread the question as him definitely having 4 children, so I put 'cannot tell'.

    Roger Federer’s elongated stay at the very pinnacle of tennis has been facilitated by slick organisation worthy of a Presidential visit wherever he goes. Travelling tutors for his school-age daughters, nannies to look after his twin boys – the needs of his large entourage, including tennis support staff, require two rented houses when he comes to Wimbledon. Coupled with cleverly-judged breaks and scheduling, everything has worked so perfectly that his extravagant natural talent has been able to flourish deep into his thirties.

    The question these days is, inevitably, not how much he will go on to achieve, but how many more years he is likely to be back as a player. Part of his genius has been based around the accuracy of his shots, notably in pinpointing his targets when serving, but when the legs start to go this is not like, say, football, in which team-mates can help compensate.

    The Swiss master is not yet haemorrhaging defeats, but it is hard to envisage him coming to tolerate repeat losses to inferior opponents. This is pointed out by Tim Henman, who has gone on to become close friends with Federer, despite having the distinction of beating him twice in his own backyard. ‘I guess there are two elements: can he stay healthy? That gets harder and harder, even though he has done a great job at that up to now. Then it’s whether he continues to enjoy it. I know he still loves playing but if his form starts to dip and he is losing to people he wouldn’t have dreamt of losing to, that will become tough,’ said the former British No. 1.

    The Olympics has been speculated upon as a possible end date, partly due to the huge endorsement contract he has signed with clothing giant Uniqlo, who would surely love to have him at Tokyo 2020 and have doubtless incentivised him to be there.

    Source: adapted from www.dailymail.co.uk

    Federer’s leg injuries should prove the limiting factor in how long his career continues to last.
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    6

    Explanation

    The correct answer is Cannot tell.

    Keywords: legs/injuries.

    Paragraph 2 mentions “legs” but not in reference to specific injuries of Federer’s – that said, the statement is not necessarily false as the passage does not explicitly deny this.

    Post Comment

    Roger Federer’s elongated stay at the very pinnacle of tennis has been facilitated by slick organisation worthy of a Presidential visit wherever he goes. Travelling tutors for his school-age daughters, nannies to look after his twin boys – the needs of his large entourage, including tennis support staff, require two rented houses when he comes to Wimbledon. Coupled with cleverly-judged breaks and scheduling, everything has worked so perfectly that his extravagant natural talent has been able to flourish deep into his thirties.

    The question these days is, inevitably, not how much he will go on to achieve, but how many more years he is likely to be back as a player. Part of his genius has been based around the accuracy of his shots, notably in pinpointing his targets when serving, but when the legs start to go this is not like, say, football, in which team-mates can help compensate.

    The Swiss master is not yet haemorrhaging defeats, but it is hard to envisage him coming to tolerate repeat losses to inferior opponents. This is pointed out by Tim Henman, who has gone on to become close friends with Federer, despite having the distinction of beating him twice in his own backyard. ‘I guess there are two elements: can he stay healthy? That gets harder and harder, even though he has done a great job at that up to now. Then it’s whether he continues to enjoy it. I know he still loves playing but if his form starts to dip and he is losing to people he wouldn’t have dreamt of losing to, that will become tough,’ said the former British No. 1.

    The Olympics has been speculated upon as a possible end date, partly due to the huge endorsement contract he has signed with clothing giant Uniqlo, who would surely love to have him at Tokyo 2020 and have doubtless incentivised him to be there.

    Source: adapted from www.dailymail.co.uk

    Federer has beaten Henman twice in Britain.
  • 12
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    Explanation

    The correct answer is Cannot tell.

    Keywords: Henman/Britain. The reverse is true, based on paragraph 3, but we do not know whether or not Federer has beaten Henman, and if so, where.

    Post Comment
    Ade

    Fri, 09 Jul 2021 06:59:34

    This is pointed out by Tim Henman, who has gone on to become close friends with Federer, despite having the distinction of beating him twice in his own backyard. Does this not infer that he was beaten in Britain since it says his own backyard?

    MM Tutor Medicmind Tutor

    Hi Ade, thanks for your comment! You're quite write that this sentence is a little confusing, however considering it logically can give us the answer. It is Henman who has become friends with Federer, therefore verbs after this point refer again to Henman. This includes the reference to 'having beaten him', which refers to Henman having beaten Federer.

    Roger Federer’s elongated stay at the very pinnacle of tennis has been facilitated by slick organisation worthy of a Presidential visit wherever he goes. Travelling tutors for his school-age daughters, nannies to look after his twin boys – the needs of his large entourage, including tennis support staff, require two rented houses when he comes to Wimbledon. Coupled with cleverly-judged breaks and scheduling, everything has worked so perfectly that his extravagant natural talent has been able to flourish deep into his thirties.

    The question these days is, inevitably, not how much he will go on to achieve, but how many more years he is likely to be back as a player. Part of his genius has been based around the accuracy of his shots, notably in pinpointing his targets when serving, but when the legs start to go this is not like, say, football, in which team-mates can help compensate.

    The Swiss master is not yet haemorrhaging defeats, but it is hard to envisage him coming to tolerate repeat losses to inferior opponents. This is pointed out by Tim Henman, who has gone on to become close friends with Federer, despite having the distinction of beating him twice in his own backyard. ‘I guess there are two elements: can he stay healthy? That gets harder and harder, even though he has done a great job at that up to now. Then it’s whether he continues to enjoy it. I know he still loves playing but if his form starts to dip and he is losing to people he wouldn’t have dreamt of losing to, that will become tough,’ said the former British No. 1.

    The Olympics has been speculated upon as a possible end date, partly due to the huge endorsement contract he has signed with clothing giant Uniqlo, who would surely love to have him at Tokyo 2020 and have doubtless incentivised him to be there.

    Source: adapted from www.dailymail.co.uk

    Recent, unexpected defeats on court are weighing heavily on Federer’s mind as he contemplates possible retirement.
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    Explanation

    The correct answer is False.

    Tim Henman talks about “losing to people he wouldn’t have dreamt of losing to” as a hypothetical, future occurrence, so we can infer that this is not a current problem.

    Post Comment
    Pippa Hamilton

    Mon, 14 Jun 2021 12:51:50

    How do we know that it is not playing on his mind, this is friend saying this, we do not know how he really feels.

    MM Tutor - John Medicmind Tutor

    Hi Pippa, thanks for your comment! This is quite a common conundrum in the UCAT, where the question is asked in one tense but the text talks about the same thing in a different one. Here, his friend is speaking conditionally about the possibility that Federer will start losing to people. However, the question specifically asks about recent defeats which the text does not talk about. Hope that helps, keep it up you're doing amazingly!

    Audrey Naing Medicmind Tutor

    Fri, 16 Jul 2021 21:16:46

    Why is the answer false instead of can't tell if current defeats are not talked about in the passage? Thanks.

    Michael Medicmind Tutor

    Sat, 24 Jul 2021 11:56:16

    Surely this should be "can't tell"? The passage offers no information that has come from Federer himself (the only reliable source of his own thoughts) and so we can't possibly know what is weighing on his mind, and there is nothing in the passage that could confirm or deny whether he has experienced recent defeats

    Gambling companies should be treated like tobacco firms and forced to display prominent health warnings about the potential harms of betting, according to a cross-party group of MPs and peers concerned about rising levels of addiction.

    They call for gambling to be treated as a public health issue, with companies forced to drop suggestions that betting is ‘fun’ rather than harmful. A ban on gambling ads during live sporting events should be imposed, they warn, because it allows bookmakers to reach young viewers who are otherwise protected from such temptations.

    The group, which includes former Tory minister John Hayes, states that the current regime in which ‘the onus of social responsibility remains subject to the self-regulation of betting companies is not working’. It says that rules around betting ads are being flouted by the gambling industry, claiming that loopholes in the law mean they are doing so ‘without fear of meaningful sanction’.

    They also criticised the practice of ‘affiliate marketing’, which has seen adverts disguised as news articles used to direct people to betting sites, and tipsters allowed to earn commission by recommending long-shot bets unlikely to pay off. Affiliates are agencies paid to drive gamblers to online casinos and bookmakers.

    Source: adapted from www.theguardian.com

    Displaying gambling ads during live sporting events is currently permitted.
  • 9
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    Explanation

    The correct answer is True.

    Keywords: live/during. The group suggests a ban on this practice, so we can infer that it is currently allowed.

    Post Comment

    Gambling companies should be treated like tobacco firms and forced to display prominent health warnings about the potential harms of betting, according to a cross-party group of MPs and peers concerned about rising levels of addiction.

    They call for gambling to be treated as a public health issue, with companies forced to drop suggestions that betting is ‘fun’ rather than harmful. A ban on gambling ads during live sporting events should be imposed, they warn, because it allows bookmakers to reach young viewers who are otherwise protected from such temptations.

    The group, which includes former Tory minister John Hayes, states that the current regime in which ‘the onus of social responsibility remains subject to the self-regulation of betting companies is not working’. It says that rules around betting ads are being flouted by the gambling industry, claiming that loopholes in the law mean they are doing so ‘without fear of meaningful sanction’.

    They also criticised the practice of ‘affiliate marketing’, which has seen adverts disguised as news articles used to direct people to betting sites, and tipsters allowed to earn commission by recommending long-shot bets unlikely to pay off. Affiliates are agencies paid to drive gamblers to online casinos and bookmakers.

    Source: adapted from www.theguardian.com

    The cross-party group includes members of both the Labour and Tory parties.
  • 13
    0

    Explanation

    The correct answer is Cannot tell.

    Keywords: cross-party/Labour/Tory. Although a cross-party group would almost certainly include members of both parties, only a Tory party member is explicitly mentioned and so we do not know for sure that it contains any Labour MPs or peers, since a number of other political parties exist.

    Post Comment

    Gambling companies should be treated like tobacco firms and forced to display prominent health warnings about the potential harms of betting, according to a cross-party group of MPs and peers concerned about rising levels of addiction.

    They call for gambling to be treated as a public health issue, with companies forced to drop suggestions that betting is ‘fun’ rather than harmful. A ban on gambling ads during live sporting events should be imposed, they warn, because it allows bookmakers to reach young viewers who are otherwise protected from such temptations.

    The group, which includes former Tory minister John Hayes, states that the current regime in which ‘the onus of social responsibility remains subject to the self-regulation of betting companies is not working’. It says that rules around betting ads are being flouted by the gambling industry, claiming that loopholes in the law mean they are doing so ‘without fear of meaningful sanction’.

    They also criticised the practice of ‘affiliate marketing’, which has seen adverts disguised as news articles used to direct people to betting sites, and tipsters allowed to earn commission by recommending long-shot bets unlikely to pay off. Affiliates are agencies paid to drive gamblers to online casinos and bookmakers.

    Source: adapted from www.theguardian.com

    The main point of comparison between gambling companies and tobacco firms is the relative ease with which young people can become hooked.
  • 17
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    Explanation

    The correct answer is False.

    Keyword: tobacco. This may be a similarity between the two, but it is not discussed outright in the passage – broader comparisons about their ‘potential harms’ and the need to display ‘prominent health warnings’ are drawn more strongly, making this false rather than can’t tell.

    Post Comment
    Umm Medicmind Tutor

    Wed, 14 Jul 2021 14:33:31

    I dont understand this?? can you explain a bit more please Thankyou

    Popcorn Medicmind Tutor

    Sat, 24 Jul 2021 07:08:25

    What the above statement was saying is that, the main comparison point between tobacco and gambling ads, in the text, is the fact that they both get people 'hooked'. However this comparison point, isn't mentioned in the passage so it definitely can't be true and we can't infer it either so it also cannot be can't tell, leaving us with false. That was my 'reasoning' behind this, please correct me if i'm wrong guys!

    Gambling companies should be treated like tobacco firms and forced to display prominent health warnings about the potential harms of betting, according to a cross-party group of MPs and peers concerned about rising levels of addiction.

    They call for gambling to be treated as a public health issue, with companies forced to drop suggestions that betting is ‘fun’ rather than harmful. A ban on gambling ads during live sporting events should be imposed, they warn, because it allows bookmakers to reach young viewers who are otherwise protected from such temptations.

    The group, which includes former Tory minister John Hayes, states that the current regime in which ‘the onus of social responsibility remains subject to the self-regulation of betting companies is not working’. It says that rules around betting ads are being flouted by the gambling industry, claiming that loopholes in the law mean they are doing so ‘without fear of meaningful sanction’.

    They also criticised the practice of ‘affiliate marketing’, which has seen adverts disguised as news articles used to direct people to betting sites, and tipsters allowed to earn commission by recommending long-shot bets unlikely to pay off. Affiliates are agencies paid to drive gamblers to online casinos and bookmakers.

    Source: adapted from www.theguardian.com

    The group is particularly critical of news channels on TV that display betting ads.
  • 7
    16

    Explanation

    The correct answer is False.

    Keywords: news/ads. No such channels are mentioned in the passage – criticism is directed separately at TV betting ads, and written articles that encourage betting whilst masquerading as pieces of news.

    Post Comment
    dhixitha reddy Medicmind Tutor

    Sat, 24 Jul 2021 01:03:56

    why cant the answer be cannot tell since no news channels are mentioned

    Michael Medicmind Tutor

    Sat, 24 Jul 2021 12:01:09

    Surely this is "can't tell"?

    Think of ‘cancer research’ and most people’s minds turn to the vital quest for new ways to treat and cure the disease. But equally important is the race to develop more accurate ways to detect cancer – and progress in this area has the potential to transform things for patients. That’s because even some of the most aggressive forms of cancer can be successfully treated with existing therapies, if they’re diagnosed before they’ve spread. Data from cancer registries in England indicate the scale of the global challenge: for cancers where the stage is recorded, nearly half are diagnosed at a late stage.

    One increasingly high-profile topic in cancer detection is the prospect of so-called ‘liquid’ biopsies – methods that measure and analyse tiny fragments of DNA released into the bloodstream by growing tumours. In theory, these tests can reveal not just the presence of a cancer, but information about the genetic abnormalities that drive it, which in turn could guide treatment. But there’s a catch: on their own, current techniques for detecting circulating tumour DNA are relatively insensitive and, crucially, don’t tell doctors where in the body a tumour might reside.

    Cancer Research UK is one corporation determined to make inroads in this area. Critically, it acknowledges that progress will need expertise from a whole range of different scientific backgrounds – engineers and physicists to build new detectors, biologists to understand what to detect, software developers to build the platforms to analyse the resulting data, and clinical, population and behavioural researchers to design studies to bring these new technologies into routine use.

    Source: adapted from www.cancerresearchuk.org

    Finding new ways to treat and cure cancer is becoming an obsolete strategy in cancer research.
  • 9
    2

    Explanation

    The correct answer is False.

    Keywords: treat/cure/new. This is still described as ‘vital’, and developing ways to detect cancer is said to be ‘equally important’ rather than more important.

    Post Comment

    Think of ‘cancer research’ and most people’s minds turn to the vital quest for new ways to treat and cure the disease. But equally important is the race to develop more accurate ways to detect cancer – and progress in this area has the potential to transform things for patients. That’s because even some of the most aggressive forms of cancer can be successfully treated with existing therapies, if they’re diagnosed before they’ve spread. Data from cancer registries in England indicate the scale of the global challenge: for cancers where the stage is recorded, nearly half are diagnosed at a late stage.

    One increasingly high-profile topic in cancer detection is the prospect of so-called ‘liquid’ biopsies – methods that measure and analyse tiny fragments of DNA released into the bloodstream by growing tumours. In theory, these tests can reveal not just the presence of a cancer, but information about the genetic abnormalities that drive it, which in turn could guide treatment. But there’s a catch: on their own, current techniques for detecting circulating tumour DNA are relatively insensitive and, crucially, don’t tell doctors where in the body a tumour might reside.

    Cancer Research UK is one corporation determined to make inroads in this area. Critically, it acknowledges that progress will need expertise from a whole range of different scientific backgrounds – engineers and physicists to build new detectors, biologists to understand what to detect, software developers to build the platforms to analyse the resulting data, and clinical, population and behavioural researchers to design studies to bring these new technologies into routine use.

    Source: adapted from www.cancerresearchuk.org

    The spread of a cancer marks a critical juncture in the possibility of its successful treatment.
  • 9
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    Explanation

    The correct answer is True.

    Keyword: spread. Whilst not explicitly stated, this can be inferred from the description that ‘even some of the most aggressive forms of cancer can be successfully treated… if they’re diagnosed before they’ve spread’.

    Post Comment

    Think of ‘cancer research’ and most people’s minds turn to the vital quest for new ways to treat and cure the disease. But equally important is the race to develop more accurate ways to detect cancer – and progress in this area has the potential to transform things for patients. That’s because even some of the most aggressive forms of cancer can be successfully treated with existing therapies, if they’re diagnosed before they’ve spread. Data from cancer registries in England indicate the scale of the global challenge: for cancers where the stage is recorded, nearly half are diagnosed at a late stage.

    One increasingly high-profile topic in cancer detection is the prospect of so-called ‘liquid’ biopsies – methods that measure and analyse tiny fragments of DNA released into the bloodstream by growing tumours. In theory, these tests can reveal not just the presence of a cancer, but information about the genetic abnormalities that drive it, which in turn could guide treatment. But there’s a catch: on their own, current techniques for detecting circulating tumour DNA are relatively insensitive and, crucially, don’t tell doctors where in the body a tumour might reside.

    Cancer Research UK is one corporation determined to make inroads in this area. Critically, it acknowledges that progress will need expertise from a whole range of different scientific backgrounds – engineers and physicists to build new detectors, biologists to understand what to detect, software developers to build the platforms to analyse the resulting data, and clinical, population and behavioural researchers to design studies to bring these new technologies into routine use.

    Source: adapted from www.cancerresearchuk.org

    ‘Liquid’ biopsies remain controversial over safety concerns.
  • 7
    2

    Explanation

    The correct answer is Cannot tell.

    Keywords: liquid/biopsies. No controversy is outlined, beyond the limitations of current techniques for detecting circulating tumour DNA – no safety concerns are mentioned, so we cannot tell.

    Post Comment

    Think of ‘cancer research’ and most people’s minds turn to the vital quest for new ways to treat and cure the disease. But equally important is the race to develop more accurate ways to detect cancer – and progress in this area has the potential to transform things for patients. That’s because even some of the most aggressive forms of cancer can be successfully treated with existing therapies, if they’re diagnosed before they’ve spread. Data from cancer registries in England indicate the scale of the global challenge: for cancers where the stage is recorded, nearly half are diagnosed at a late stage.

    One increasingly high-profile topic in cancer detection is the prospect of so-called ‘liquid’ biopsies – methods that measure and analyse tiny fragments of DNA released into the bloodstream by growing tumours. In theory, these tests can reveal not just the presence of a cancer, but information about the genetic abnormalities that drive it, which in turn could guide treatment. But there’s a catch: on their own, current techniques for detecting circulating tumour DNA are relatively insensitive and, crucially, don’t tell doctors where in the body a tumour might reside.

    Cancer Research UK is one corporation determined to make inroads in this area. Critically, it acknowledges that progress will need expertise from a whole range of different scientific backgrounds – engineers and physicists to build new detectors, biologists to understand what to detect, software developers to build the platforms to analyse the resulting data, and clinical, population and behavioural researchers to design studies to bring these new technologies into routine use.

    Source: adapted from www.cancerresearchuk.org

    Cancer Research UK believes that inroads will depend on scientists’ retraining in a variety of areas to expand their knowledge bases.
  • 8
    2

    Explanation

    The correct answer is False.

    Keywords: retraining/variety. On the contrary, the organization believes that experts from different scientific backgrounds will need to work together rather than acquire each other’s skillsets.

    Post Comment

    Last year Deepmind, the British artificial intelligence company, created a program called Alphazero that taught itself to play chess. By using deep learning and reinforcement techniques it went from playing randomly to superhuman skill in a few hours, easily surpassing all human and computer rivals. Now the company has published full details of 210 of its matches, revealing a playing style unlike any seen before.

    Two main differences stand out. First, far more often than any human would do, it is prepared to sacrifice pieces in exchange for small improvements in its position. Second, it chooses not to begin games by moving the king’s pawn two spaces forward to the e4 square. This is a move taught to all beginners of the game, but it is also regularly chosen by some of the best players – Bobby Fischer, the US world champion who died in 2008, described it as the ‘best by test’.

    In a paper in the journal Science, the researchers at Deepmind described how they developed a program that was able to learn by playing thousands of games against itself. Natasha Regan, a women’s international master, said that this was why it had the power to surprise. ‘Because it taught itself you don’t quite know what it will come up with. It could come up with similar patterns to humans, and it does recreate some of the human openings that we have taken hundreds of years to develop. But it also does something completely different. Some of its best games are really quite exquisite.’

    Source: adapted from www.thetimes.co.uk

    Alphazero was able to surpass all human chess players within 210 matches against itself.
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    Explanation

    The correct answer is Cannot tell.

    Keyword: 210. Full details of 210 of its matches have been released, but despite the information in the last paragraph, we are not told how many games it played in the ‘few hours’ mentioned there that it took to attain superhuman skill.

    Post Comment

    Last year Deepmind, the British artificial intelligence company, created a program called Alphazero that taught itself to play chess. By using deep learning and reinforcement techniques it went from playing randomly to superhuman skill in a few hours, easily surpassing all human and computer rivals. Now the company has published full details of 210 of its matches, revealing a playing style unlike any seen before.

    Two main differences stand out. First, far more often than any human would do, it is prepared to sacrifice pieces in exchange for small improvements in its position. Second, it generally chooses not to begin games by moving the king’s pawn two spaces forward to the e4 square. This is a move taught to all beginners of the game, but it is also regularly chosen by some of the best players – Bobby Fischer, the US world champion who died in 2008, described it as the ‘best by test’.

    In a paper in the journal Science, the researchers at Deepmind described how they developed a program that was able to learn by playing thousands of games against itself. Natasha Regan, a women’s international master, said that this was why it had the power to surprise. ‘Because it taught itself you don’t quite know what it will come up with. It could come up with similar patterns to humans, and it does recreate some of the human openings that we have taken hundreds of years to develop. But it also does something completely different. Some of its best games are really quite exquisite.’

    Source: adapted from www.thetimes.co.uk

    Alphazero never began a game by moving the king’s pawn to the e4 square.
  • 8
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    Explanation

    The correct answer is False.

    Keywords: e4/king’s pawn. Alphazero began by ‘playing randomly’, and it likely chose the move at least once during its learning period, even if it came not to prefer it. However, the use of the term ‘generally’ in the present tense heavily implies that it does, at least occasionally, start with this move.

    Post Comment

    Last year Deepmind, the British artificial intelligence company, created a program called Alphazero that taught itself to play chess. By using deep learning and reinforcement techniques it went from playing randomly to superhuman skill in a few hours, easily surpassing all human and computer rivals. Now the company has published full details of 210 of its matches, revealing a playing style unlike any seen before.

    Two main differences stand out. First, far more often than any human would do, it is prepared to sacrifice pieces in exchange for small improvements in its position. Second, it chooses not to begin games by moving the king’s pawn two spaces forward to the e4 square. This is a move taught to all beginners of the game, but it is also regularly chosen by some of the best players – Bobby Fischer, the US world champion who died in 2008, described it as the ‘best by test’.

    In a paper in the journal Science, the researchers at Deepmind described how they developed a program that was able to learn by playing thousands of games against itself. Natasha Regan, a women’s international master, said that this was why it had the power to surprise. ‘Because it taught itself you don’t quite know what it will come up with. It could come up with similar patterns to humans, and it does recreate some of the human openings that we have taken hundreds of years to develop. But it also does something completely different. Some of its best games are really quite exquisite.’

    Source: adapted from www.thetimes.co.uk

    Bobby Fischer, the US world champion, described Alphazero as the best at chess by test.
  • 7
    3

    Explanation

    The correct answer is False.

    Keywords: Bobby Fischer/best/test. Bobby Fischer described beginning the game by moving the king’s pawn to the e4 square as the ‘best by test’, not the program Alphazero.

    Post Comment
    Michael Medicmind Tutor

    Sat, 24 Jul 2021 12:05:19

    Bobby Fischer could have described Alphazero as the best at chess by test and this is simply not mentioned in the passage. Why is this not "can't tell"?

    Last year Deepmind, the British artificial intelligence company, created a program called Alphazero that taught itself to play chess. By using deep learning and reinforcement techniques it went from playing randomly to superhuman skill in a few hours, easily surpassing all human and computer rivals. Now the company has published full details of 210 of its matches, revealing a playing style unlike any seen before.

    Two main differences stand out. First, far more often than any human would do, it is prepared to sacrifice pieces in exchange for small improvements in its position. Second, it chooses not to begin games by moving the king’s pawn two spaces forward to the e4 square. This is a move taught to all beginners of the game, but it is also regularly chosen by some of the best players – Bobby Fischer, the US world champion who died in 2008, described it as the ‘best by test’.

    In a paper in the journal Science, the researchers at Deepmind described how they developed a program that was able to learn by playing thousands of games against itself. Natasha Regan, a women’s international master, said that this was why it had the power to surprise. ‘Because it taught itself you don’t quite know what it will come up with. It could come up with similar patterns to humans, and it does recreate some of the human openings that we have taken hundreds of years to develop. But it also does something completely different. Some of its best games are really quite exquisite.’

    Source: adapted from www.thetimes.co.uk

    Alphazero’s gameplay shows some similarities to human gameplay.
  • 7
    0

    Explanation

    The correct answer is True.

    Keywords: similarities/human. In the third paragraph, Natasha Regan notes that Alphazero ‘does recreate some of the human openings that we have taken hundreds of years to develop’.

    Post Comment
    B Medicmind Tutor

    Mon, 19 Jul 2021 16:36:31

    Surely, "a playing style unlike any seen before" could argue the opposite?

    A spacecraft that touched down on Mars ten days ago to conduct experiments and measure ‘marsquakes’ has recorded the first ever sounds of Martian winds. NASA’s InSight Lander captured a low rumble caused by vibrations from the wind on the red planet. ‘Capturing this audio was an unplanned treat,’ said Bruce Banerdt, a NASA investigator of the mission. ‘But one of the things our mission is dedicated to is measuring motion on Mars, and naturally that includes motion caused by sound waves.’

    The winds blowing across the spacecraft mark the first sound recorded from Mars, NASA said. But InSight is not equipped with a microphone; rather, the sound was detected by sensors and a seismometer. ‘The InSight lander acts like a giant ear,’ said Tom Pike, InSight science team member and sensor designer at Imperial College London. ’The solar panels on the lander’s sides respond to pressure fluctuations of the wind. It’s like InSight is cupping its ears and hearing the Mars wind beating on it. When we looked at the direction of the lander vibrations coming from the solar panels, it matches the expected wind direction at our landing site. The sensors behave like the cochlea, a part of the ear that converts vibrations to nerve signals.’

    NASA released the raw audio sample and a second version that was raised by two octaves. This can be heard better by the human ear, especially through laptops or mobile speakers. ’To me, the sounds are really unworldly,’ Banerdt said. ‘They do sound like the wind or maybe the ocean kind of roaring in the background. But it also has an unworldly feel to it.’

    Source: adapted from www.euronews.com

    InSight has captured the first sounds of Martian winds, although other sounds from Mars have been recorded before.
  • 8
    6

    Explanation

    The correct answer is False.

    This is potentially confusing as paragraph 1 references ‘the first ever sounds of Martian winds’, but paragraph 2 clarifies that this is ‘the first sound recorded from Mars’.

    Post Comment

    A spacecraft that touched down on Mars ten days ago to conduct experiments and measure ‘marsquakes’ has recorded the first ever sounds of Martian winds. NASA’s InSight Lander captured a low rumble caused by vibrations from the wind on the red planet. ‘Capturing this audio was an unplanned treat,’ said Bruce Banerdt, a NASA investigator of the mission. ‘But one of the things our mission is dedicated to is measuring motion on Mars, and naturally that includes motion caused by sound waves.’

    The winds blowing across the spacecraft mark the first sound recorded from Mars, NASA said. But InSight is not equipped with a microphone; rather, the sound was detected by sensors and a seismometer. ‘The InSight lander acts like a giant ear,’ said Tom Pike, InSight science team member and sensor designer at Imperial College London. ’The solar panels on the lander’s sides respond to pressure fluctuations of the wind. It’s like InSight is cupping its ears and hearing the Mars wind beating on it. When we looked at the direction of the lander vibrations coming from the solar panels, it matches the expected wind direction at our landing site. The sensors behave like the cochlea, a part of the ear that converts vibrations to nerve signals.’

    NASA released the raw audio sample and a second version that was raised by two octaves. This can be heard better by the human ear, especially through laptops or mobile speakers. ’To me, the sounds are really unworldly,’ Banerdt said. ‘They do sound like the wind or maybe the ocean kind of roaring in the background. But it also has an unworldly feel to it.’

    Source: adapted from www.euronews.com

    The mission has been partly funded by the UK space agency.
  • 3
    2

    Explanation

    The correct answer is Cannot tell.

    Keywords: UK/fund. No information on the subject is discussed – although the statement happens to be true.

    Post Comment

    A spacecraft that touched down on Mars ten days ago to conduct experiments and measure ‘marsquakes’ has recorded the first ever sounds of Martian winds. NASA’s InSight Lander captured a low rumble caused by vibrations from the wind on the red planet. ‘Capturing this audio was an unplanned treat,’ said Bruce Banerdt, a NASA investigator of the mission. ‘But one of the things our mission is dedicated to is measuring motion on Mars, and naturally that includes motion caused by sound waves.’

    The winds blowing across the spacecraft mark the first sound recorded from Mars, NASA said. But InSight is not equipped with a microphone; rather, the sound was detected by sensors and a seismometer. ‘The InSight lander acts like a giant ear,’ said Tom Pike, InSight science team member and sensor designer at Imperial College London. ’The solar panels on the lander’s sides respond to pressure fluctuations of the wind. It’s like InSight is cupping its ears and hearing the Mars wind beating on it. When we looked at the direction of the lander vibrations coming from the solar panels, it matches the expected wind direction at our landing site. The sensors behave like the cochlea, a part of the ear that converts vibrations to nerve signals.’

    NASA released the raw audio sample and a second version that was raised by two octaves. This can be heard better by the human ear, especially through laptops or mobile speakers. ’To me, the sounds are really unworldly,’ Banerdt said. ‘They do sound like the wind or maybe the ocean kind of roaring in the background. But it also has an unworldly feel to it.’

    Source: adapted from www.euronews.com

    The audio sample was raised by two octaves to make it easier for humans to listen to it.
  • 7
    2

    Explanation

    The correct answer is True.

    Keyword: octaves. Paragraph 3 notes that ‘a second version’ of the raw audio sample was ‘raised by two octaves’, meaning that it ‘can be heard better by the human ear’.

    Post Comment
    Michael Medicmind Tutor

    Sat, 24 Jul 2021 12:07:47

    This should be "can't tell" because there is no connector between the two relevant sentences. All we are told is that the second version was raised by two octaves; then, we are told that this can be heard better by the human ear. However, we are never told whether this was the reason why the pitch was raised.

    A spacecraft that touched down on Mars ten days ago to conduct experiments and measure ‘marsquakes’ has recorded the first ever sounds of Martian winds. NASA’s InSight Lander captured a low rumble caused by vibrations from the wind on the red planet. ‘Capturing this audio was an unplanned treat,’ said Bruce Banerdt, a NASA investigator of the mission. ‘But one of the things our mission is dedicated to is measuring motion on Mars, and naturally that includes motion caused by sound waves.’

    The winds blowing across the spacecraft mark the first sound recorded from Mars, NASA said. But InSight is not equipped with a microphone; rather, the sound was detected by sensors and a seismometer. ‘The InSight lander acts like a giant ear,’ said Tom Pike, InSight science team member and sensor designer at Imperial College London. ’The solar panels on the lander’s sides respond to pressure fluctuations of the wind. It’s like InSight is cupping its ears and hearing the Mars wind beating on it. When we looked at the direction of the lander vibrations coming from the solar panels, it matches the expected wind direction at our landing site. The sensors behave like the cochlea, a part of the ear that converts vibrations to nerve signals.’

    NASA released the raw audio sample and a second version that was raised by two octaves. This can be heard better by the human ear, especially through laptops or mobile speakers. ’To me, the sounds are really unworldly,’ Banerdt said. ‘They do sound like the wind or maybe the ocean kind of roaring in the background. But it also has an unworldly feel to it.’

    Source: adapted from www.euronews.com

    The Insight Lander is the NASA’s first vehicle to reach the surface of Mars.
  • 4
    0

    Explanation

    The correct answer is Cannot tell.

    Keywords: NASA/vehicle/surface. The lander is not described in such terms in the passage, and no detail about previous missions to Mars (beyond the discussion of sound and motion) is included.

    Post Comment
    neha Medicmind Tutor

    Sat, 17 Jul 2021 03:27:24

    this test was very helpful and informative for me, thank you!! :)

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