Abstract Reasoning Practice Subtest Instructions

There are 4 different question types in this section of the exam.

For type 1, you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be given a test shape and asked to decide whether the test shape belongs to Set A, Set B, or Neither.

For type 2, you will be presented with a series of shapes. You will be asked to select the next shape in series.

For type 3, you will be presented with a statement, involving a group of shapes. You will be asked to determine which shape completes the statement.

For type 4, you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be asked to select which of the four response options belongs to Set A or Set B.

It is in your best interest to answer all questions as there is no penalty for guessing. All unanswered questions will be scored as incorrect.

Click the Next (N) button to proceed.

Question 1.
12
9

## Explanation

Set B – The biggest shape, the star, is white.

Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

Post Comment

Question 2.
1
4

## Explanation

Set B – The biggest shape, the central rectangle, is white.

Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

Post Comment

Question 3.
1
3

## Explanation

C – The two shapes, black and white, are of equal size.

Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

Post Comment

Question 4.
2
2

## Explanation

C – The black and white squares are of equal size.

Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

Post Comment

Question 5.
1
1

## Explanation

Set B – The biggest shape, the central pentagon, is white.

Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

Post Comment

Question 6.
3
17

## Explanation

Neither – The shapes are the same size and therefore the implicit rule that there is a larger shape is not met so this does not belong to either set.

The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

Post Comment

Question 7.
6
1

## Explanation

Set A – The crescent has two sides.

The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

Post Comment

Question 8.
1
2

## Explanation

Set A – The larger star has 12 sides.

The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

Post Comment

Question 9.
1
2

## Explanation

Set A – The cross has 12 sides.

The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

Post Comment

Question 10.
0
1

## Explanation

Set B – The black arrow has seven sides.

The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

Post Comment

Question 11.
5
1

## Explanation

Set B – The largest shape is the arrow, of which no smaller version is present.

Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Post Comment

Question 12.
2
0

## Explanation

Set A – The large diamond has four smaller, similar replicas – it doesn’t have to be just one, as numerous members of Set A demonstrate.

Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Post Comment

Question 13.
1
4

## Explanation

Set B – The circles are not similar (in the geometrical sense) to the oval.

Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Post Comment

Question 14.
1
3

## Explanation

Set B – The smaller triangles are not similar to the largest.

Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Post Comment

Question 15.
2
7

## Explanation

Set B – Clearly, the S-shape has no smaller equivalent in the box.

Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

Post Comment

Question 16.
2
12

## Explanation

Set A – The large triangle sits predominantly on the right-hand side of the box. It is critical here to refine your rule fully – it is the predominant position of the shape meaning it can overlap the midline as long as the majority of the area is on one side.

This pattern relates size to position.

In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

Post Comment
J. Lingard Medicmind Tutor

Thu, 23 Sep 2021 05:27:38

that's nonsense. I'm going back to football.

Hog Rider Medicmind Tutor

Thu, 30 Sep 2021 08:24:28

This is worse than Knack 2.

Question 17.
0
1

## Explanation

C – The large, central star is equally distributed between the left and right halves.

This pattern relates size to position.

In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

Post Comment
S. Lo Medicmind Tutor

Thu, 23 Sep 2021 05:28:04

I'm slow.

Question 18.
2
0

## Explanation

Set B – The larger of the two diamonds is situated almost entirely in the left half of the box.

This pattern relates size to position.

In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

Post Comment

Question 19.
2
0

## Explanation

Set B – The pentagon sits almost entirely in the left half of the box.

This pattern relates size to position.

In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

Post Comment

Question 20.
0
1

## Explanation

C – The oval is situated centrally.

This pattern relates size to position.

In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

Post Comment
S. Lo Medicmind Tutor

Thu, 23 Sep 2021 05:29:43

Does this relate to the interference of waves?

Question 21.
1
5

## Explanation

Set A – The circle is the largest shape.

Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

Post Comment
S. Ho Medicmind Tutor

Thu, 23 Sep 2021 05:31:19

The pattern should be something else. Maybe something relate to the particle nature of light.

Question 22.
0
2

## Explanation

Set A – The semicircle is the largest shape.

Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

Post Comment

Question 23.
1
2

## Explanation

Set B – The rectangle is the largest shape.

Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

Post Comment
Maya

Sat, 31 Jul 2021 16:39:38

But there isnt any boxes with only one colour in set B so it should be neither

MM Tutor Medicmind Tutor

Hi Maya! Thanks for your comment. When any aspect of SPONCS does not have any particular pattern, we do not need to consider it as part of our analysis. Here, because there is no particular colour pattern, it does not matter that our test shape contains only white shapes.

Question 24.
1
2

## Explanation

Set A – The arc is the largest shape.

Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

Post Comment

Question 25.
1
1

## Explanation

Set B – Regardless of size, the only shape present is a straight-edged star.

Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

Post Comment

## Instructions

Below is a summary of your answers. You can review your questions in three (3) different ways.

The buttons in the lower right-hand corner correspond to these choices:

2. Review questions that are incomplete.
3. Review questions that are flagged for review. (Click the 'flag' icon to change the flag for review status.)

You may also click on a question number to link directly to its location in the exam.

## Instructions

This review section allows you to view the answers you made and see whether they were correct or not. Each question accessed from this screen has an 'Explain Answer' button in the top left hand side. By clicking on this you will obtain an explanation as to the correct answer.

At the bottom of this screen you can choose to 'Review All' answers, 'Review Incorrect' answers or 'Review Flagged' answers. Alternatively you can go to specific questions by opening up any of the sub-tests below.

x

## When should we call you?

It would be great to have a 15m chat to discuss a personalised plan and answer any questions

## What time works best for you? (UK Time)

Pick a time-slot that works best for you ?

Submit

Submit