Abstract Reasoning Practice Subtest Instructions

There are 4 different question types in this section of the exam.

For type 1, you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be given a test shape and asked to decide whether the test shape belongs to Set A, Set B, or Neither.

For type 2, you will be presented with a series of shapes. You will be asked to select the next shape in series.

For type 3, you will be presented with a statement, involving a group of shapes. You will be asked to determine which shape completes the statement.

For type 4, you will be presented with two sets of shapes labelled “Set A” and “Set B”. You will be asked to select which of the four response options belongs to Set A or Set B.

It is in your best interest to answer all questions as there is no penalty for guessing. All unanswered questions will be scored as incorrect.

Click the Next (N) button to proceed.

Question 1.
  • 11
    6

    Explanation

    Set B – The biggest shape, the star, is white.

    Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

    Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

    Post Comment

    Question 2.
  • 1
    3

    Explanation

    Set B – The biggest shape, the central rectangle, is white.

    Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

    Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

    Post Comment

    Question 3.
  • 1
    2

    Explanation

    C – The two shapes, black and white, are of equal size.

    Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

    Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

    Post Comment

    Question 4.
  • 1
    1

    Explanation

    C – The black and white squares are of equal size.

    Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

    Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

    Post Comment

    Question 5.
  • 1
    1

    Explanation

    Set B – The biggest shape, the central pentagon, is white.

    Members of Set A contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is black.

    Members of Set B contain a mixture of black and white elements, but the biggest element is white.

    Post Comment

    Question 6.
  • 3
    16

    Explanation

    Neither – The shapes are the same size and therefore the implicit rule that there is a larger shape is not met so this does not belong to either set. 

    The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

    Post Comment

    Question 7.
  • 5
    1

    Explanation

    Set A – The crescent has two sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

    Post Comment

    Question 8.
  • 1
    2

    Explanation

    Set A – The larger star has 12 sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

    Post Comment

    Question 9.
  • 1
    2

    Explanation

    Set A – The cross has 12 sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

    Post Comment

    Question 10.
  • 0
    1

    Explanation

    Set B – The black arrow has seven sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set A has an even number of sides.

    The largest element of any member of Set B has an odd number of sides.

    Post Comment

    Question 11.
  • 4
    1

    Explanation

    Set B – The largest shape is the arrow, of which no smaller version is present.

    Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

    Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Post Comment

    Question 12.
  • 2
    0

    Explanation

    Set A – The large diamond has four smaller, similar replicas – it doesn’t have to be just one, as numerous members of Set A demonstrate.

    Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

    Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Post Comment

    Question 13.
  • 1
    3

    Explanation

    Set B – The circles are not similar (in the geometrical sense) to the oval.

    Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

    Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Post Comment

    Question 14.
  • 1
    2

    Explanation

    Set B – The smaller triangles are not similar to the largest.

    Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

    Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Post Comment

    Question 15.
  • 2
    5

    Explanation

    Set B – Clearly, the S-shape has no smaller equivalent in the box.

    Colour is irrelevant to this pattern.

    Members of Set A contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Members of Set B do not contain a smaller, similar version of their largest shape.

    Post Comment

    Question 16.
  • 0
    10

    Explanation

    Set A – The large triangle sits predominantly on the right-hand side of the box. It is critical here to refine your rule fully – it is the predominant position of the shape meaning it can overlap the midline as long as the majority of the area is on one side. 

    This pattern relates size to position.

    In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

    In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

    Post Comment
    J. Lingard Medicmind Tutor

    Thu, 23 Sep 2021 05:27:38

    that's nonsense. I'm going back to football.

    Hog Rider Medicmind Tutor

    Thu, 30 Sep 2021 08:24:28

    This is worse than Knack 2.

    Question 17.
  • 0
    1

    Explanation

    C – The large, central star is equally distributed between the left and right halves.

    This pattern relates size to position.

    In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

    In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

    Post Comment
    S. Lo Medicmind Tutor

    Thu, 23 Sep 2021 05:28:04

    I'm slow.

    Question 18.
  • 2
    0

    Explanation

    Set B – The larger of the two diamonds is situated almost entirely in the left half of the box.

    This pattern relates size to position.

    In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

    In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

    Post Comment

    Question 19.
  • 2
    0

    Explanation

    Set B – The pentagon sits almost entirely in the left half of the box.

    This pattern relates size to position.

    In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

    In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

    Post Comment

    Question 20.
  • 0
    1

    Explanation

    C – The oval is situated centrally.

    This pattern relates size to position.

    In members of Set A, the largest shape is predominantly on the right-hand side of the box.

    In members of Set B, the largest shape is predominantly on the left-hand side of the box.

    Post Comment
    S. Lo Medicmind Tutor

    Thu, 23 Sep 2021 05:29:43

    Does this relate to the interference of waves?

    Question 21.
  • 1
    4

    Explanation

    Set A – The circle is the largest shape.

    Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

    Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

    Post Comment
    S. Ho Medicmind Tutor

    Thu, 23 Sep 2021 05:31:19

    The pattern should be something else. Maybe something relate to the particle nature of light.

    Question 22.
  • 0
    2

    Explanation

    Set A – The semicircle is the largest shape.

    Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

    Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

    Post Comment

    Question 23.
  • 1
    2

    Explanation

    Set B – The rectangle is the largest shape.

    Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

    Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

    Post Comment
    Maya

    Sat, 31 Jul 2021 16:39:38

    But there isnt any boxes with only one colour in set B so it should be neither

    MM Tutor Medicmind Tutor

    Hi Maya! Thanks for your comment. When any aspect of SPONCS does not have any particular pattern, we do not need to consider it as part of our analysis. Here, because there is no particular colour pattern, it does not matter that our test shape contains only white shapes.

    Question 24.
  • 0
    1

    Explanation

    Set A – The arc is the largest shape.

    Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

    Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

    Post Comment

    Question 25.
  • 1
    1

    Explanation

    Set B – Regardless of size, the only shape present is a straight-edged star.

    Set A: the biggest element has at least one curved side.

    Set B: the biggest element has only straight sides.

    Post Comment

    Size Patterns Review Screen

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    Size Patterns Section

    Final Answer Review Screen

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